Monograms on Kibyra’s coins: names or numbers?

Federico De Luca


The monograms carried on Kibyra’s coins are actually quantitative indications about the
volume of coin issues. In fact, if we remember that in Greek the numbers were expressed with the
same letters of the alphabet, the inscriptions reported on those coins, instead of being monograms
composed by letters indicating the name of the presumed monetary official (as generally
interpreted), suddenly reveal to be figures indicating the issue’s size, that means the number of
coins minted within that certain monetary series. So here we find that the issues of tetradrachms
minted in Kibyra were composed by 250,000 or 500,000 pieces while the issues of drachms were
very often composed by a million pieces.

Texte intégral :



BRASHEAR W. (1986) Holz und Wachstafeln der Sammlung Kiseleff, 2. Teil, Enchoria 14.

CALVET M., ROESCH P. (1966) Les Sarapieia de Tanagra, Revue archéologique, 2, pp.297-332.

MIGLIO G. (1817) Compendio delle antichità romane, ossia leggi, costumi, usanze e cerimonie dei

Romani compilato per l’istruzione della gioventù, Novara.

Corp. Inscr. Graec., 4380.

Corp. Inscr. Lat., III, 2234.

DE LUCA F. (2015a) I numeri svelati. Alla scoperta delle notazioni numeriche riportate sulle

monete greche, Editrice Diana, Cassino.

DE LUCA F. (2015b) Numerazioni alfabetiche e progressioni numeriche sulle monete greche, Il

Giornale della numismatica online.

DE LUCA F. (2016a) Some unsuspected numerical sequences on Greek coins, OMNI, 10, pp.18-30.

DE LUCA F. (2016b) Numeri su monete ed epigrafi greche, Monete Antiche, 88, pp.3-11.

DE LUCA F. (2017a) Il numero 50 del comandante Pompida, Panorama Numismatico, 325, pp.7-9.

DE LUCA F. (2017b) Alphabetical numbering and numerical progressions on drachms and

Massalia’s small bronze coins, OMNI,.11, pp.74-111.

GRANDJEAN C. (1995) Les comptes de Pompidas (IG VII 2426). Drachmes d'argent

symmachique et drachmes de bronze, Bulletin de correspondance hellénique, 119, livraison 1,


GUARDUCCI M. (2005) L’epigrafia greca dalle origini al tardo impero, IPZS, Roma.

HEATH T. (1981) A history of Greek Mathematics, Vol.I, Dover Publications, New York.

IMHOOF-BLUMER F. (1974) Kleinasiatische Münzen, 2 vols., Georg Olms Verlag, Hildesheim.

KENYON F.G. (1893) Greek Papyri in the British Museum, 2 vols., London.

KENYON F.G. (1974) Abbreviations and symbols in Greek papyri, in A.N. Oikonomides (ed.),

Abbreviations in Greek inscriptions, papyri, manuscripts, and early printed books, Ares

Publishers, Chicago.

MILNER N.P. (1998) An Epigraphical Survey in the Kibyra-Olbasa Region conducted by A. S.

Hall, The British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara, London.

MØRKHOLM O. (1991) Early Hellenistic Coinage from the Accession of Alexander to the Peace

of Apamea, 336-188 B.C., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

PRICE M.J (1991) The Coinage in the name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus, 2 Vols.,

The British Museum-Swiss Numismatic Society, Zurich-London.

RAMSAY W.M. (1895) The cities and bishoprics of Phrygia, Oxford, pp. 265 ff.

REINACH T. (1890) Mithridate Eupator, Parigi, p. 302.

ROBERTS C.H., TURNER E.G.(1952) Catalogue of the Greek and Latin papyri in the John

Rylands Library Manchester, Volume IV, Documents of the Ptolemaic, Roman, and Byzantine

Periods (Nos.552-717), University Press Manchester.

ROESCH P. (1966) Inscriptions du Musée de Thèbes, Revue des Études anciennes, 68, pp.77-82.

SMITH W. (ed.,1854-1857) "Cibyra". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, John Murray

Publishers, London.

TOD M.N. (1979) Ancient Greek Numerical Systems, Ares Publishers, Chicago.

THOMPSON M. (1961) The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens, The American Numismatic

Society, New York.

WILLIAMS R.T. (1992) The Silver Coinage of Velia, Royal Numismatic Society, London.


  • Il n'y a présentement aucun renvoi.