The Aurea Aetas and Octavianic/Augustan Coinage

Victoria Győri


Octavianic/Augustan coins connected with the aurea aetas introduce and incorporate
symbols of Hellenistic divine monarchy into Roman coinage. Coin types such as the sidus Iulium,
cornucopia, Capricorn as well as Aion Plutonius, Apollo, and Diana represent a saeculum novum. A
survey of these types shows that this iconography was greatly influenced by Hellenistic artistic
media. Many of these Hellenistic images also advertised the advent of a new age. The concept of a
Golden Age clearly had roots in Hellenistic monarchy; and so, these Octavianic/Augustan coins
reflect these origins.

Texte intégral :



ALFÖLDI, A. (1997) Redeunt Saturnia Regna, Bonn.

BARTON, T. (1995) ‘Augustus and the Capricorn: astrological polyvalency and the imperial

rhethoric’, JRS 85: 33-57.

BOYCE, A.A. (1965) Festal and Dated Coins of the Roman Empire: Four Papers, ANSMN 153,

New York.

DU QUESNAY, I. (1976) ‘Virgil’s Fourth Ecologue’, PLLS 1: 15-100.

DWYER, E.J. (1973) ‘Augustus and the Capricorn’, RM 80: 59-67.

ENGELS, D. (2010) ‘Prodigies and religious propaganda: Seleucus and Augustus’, in Deroux, C.

(ed.) Studies in Latin Literature and Roman History 15, Bruxelles, 153-177.

GAGÉ, J. (1955) Apollon romain. Essai sur le culte d’Apollon et le développement du “ritus

Graecus” à Rome des origines à Auguste, Paris.

GALINSKY, K. (1967) ‘Sol and the Carmen Saeculare’ Latomus 26: 618-623.

GALINSKY, K. (1981) ‘Augustus’ legislation on morals and marriage,’ Philologus 125 : 126-44.

GALINSKY, K. (1996) Augustan Culture, Princeton.

GEE, E. (2000) Ovid, Aratus, and Augustus: Ovid, Aratus, and Augustus. Cambridge.

GRAINDOR, P. (1922) ‘Auguste et Athènes’, RBPh 1: 429-443.

GURVAL, A. (1995) Actium and Augustus : The Politics and Emotions of Civil War, Ann Arbor.

GURVAL, A. (1997) ‘Caesar’s comet: the politics and poetics of an Augustan myth’, MAAR 42 :


GYŐRI, V. (2012) From Republic to Principate: Change and Continuity in Roman Coinage, PhD

thesis, King’s College London.

GYŐRI, V. (2013) ‘Augustus and Numa: the asses of 23 BC’ in Rosati, G. and Labate, M. (eds.) La

costruzione del mito augusteo, Heidelberg, 89-108.

HADLEY, R.A. (1974) ‘Royal Propaganda of Seleucus I and Lysimachus’, JHS 94: 50-65.

HALL, J. (1986) ‘Saeculum novum of Augustus and its Etruscan antecedents,’ ANRW II.16.3:


HAZZARD, R.A. (1995) ‘Theos epiphanies: crisis and response’, HThR 88: 415-436.

HOOVER, O. (2011) ‘Never mind the bullocks: taurine imagery as a multicultural expression of

royal and divine power under Seleukos I Nikator’, Studia Hellenistica 51: 197-228.

JOHNSTON, P.A. (1977) ‘Vergil’s Conception of Saturnus’, CSCA 10: 57-70.

JOHNSTON, P.A. (1980) Vergil’s Agricultural Golden Age: A Study on the Georgics, Leiden.

KOORTBOJIAN, M. (2013) The Divinization of Caesar and Augustus: Precedents, Consequences,

Implications, Cambridge.

KRAFT, K. (1967) ‘Zum Capricorn auf den Münzen des Augustus', Jahrb. Num Geld 17:17–27.

KRAFT, K. (1969) Zur Münzprägnung des Augustus, Wiesbaden.

KROLL, J. (2007) ‘The emergence of ruler portraiture on early Hellenistic coins: the importance of

being divine’, in Schultz, P. and von dem Hoff (eds.), Early Hellenistic Sculpture: Image, Style, and

Content, Cambridge, 113-122.

LANGE, C.H. (2009) Res publica constituta : Actium, Apollo and the Accomplishment of the

Triumviral Assignment, Leiden.

LEVI, D. (1944) ‘Aion’, Hesperia 13: 269-314.

MATTINGLY, H. (1934) ‘Virgil’s golden age: sixth Aeneid and fourth Eclogue”, CR 48: 161-165.

MATTINGLY (1947) ‘ Virgil’s Fourth Eclogue’, Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes

: 14-19.

Mayor, A. (2009) The Poison King: the Life and Legend of Mithridates, Rome’s Deadliest Enemy,


MEGOW, W.R. (1987) Kameen von Augustus bis Alexander Severus, Berlin.

POLLINI, J. (1990) ‘Man or god: divine assimilation and imitation in the late Republic and early

principate’, in Raaflaub, K. and Toher, M. (eds) Between Republic and Empire: Interpretations of

Augustus and his Principate, Berkeley, 334-363.

POLLINI, J. (1992) ‘The Tazza Farnese: Augusto Imperatore « Redeunt Saturnia Regna »’, AJA

: 283-300.

POLLINI, J. (1993) ‘The Gemma Augustea: ideology, rhetorical imagery, and the construction of

dynastic narrative’, in Holliday, P. (ed.) Narrative and Event in Ancient Art, Cambridge.

POLLINI, J. (2012) From Republic to Empire: Rhethoric, Religion, and Power in the Visual

Culture of Rome, Oklahoma.

POLLITT, J. (1986) Art in the Hellenistic Age, Cambridge.

RAMSEY, J. and Licht, L.A. (1997) The Comet of 44 BC and Caesar’s Funeral Games, Atlanta.

RAMSEY, J. and Licht, L.A. (1999) ‘Mithridates, the banner of the Chi’yu, and the comet coin’,

HSCPH 99: 197-253.

RICH, J. W. (1998) ‘Augustus’ Parthian honours, the temple of Mars Ultor, and the arch in the

Forum Romanum’, PBSR 66: 71-128

SAURON, G. (1994) Qvis devm: L’expression plastique des idéologies politiques et religieuses à

Rome à la fin de la République et au début du Principat, Paris.

SCOTT, K. (1941) ‘The sidus iulium and the apotheosis of Caesar’, CP 36: 257-72.

SIMON, B. (1957) ‘Zur Augustusstatue von Prima Porta’, RM 64: 46-88.

SMITH, R.R.R. (1988) Hellenistic Royal Portraits, Oxford.

SPANNAGEL, M. (1999) Exemplaria Principis. Untersuchungen zu Entstehung und Ausstattung

des Augustusforums, Heidelberg.

STEWART, A. (1993) Faces of Power: Alexander’s Image and Hellenistic Politics, Berkeley.

TAYLOR, L.R. (1931) The Divinity of the Roman Emperor, Middletown, Conn.

VAN DER VIN, J. P. A. (1976) ‘Aurora oder Zephyr’, Scripta Archaeologica Groningana 6: 601-

WEINSTOCK, S. (1971) Divus Julius, Oxford.

WILLIAMS, M.F. (2003) ‘The sidus iulium, the divinity of men, and the golden age in Virgil’s

Aeneid’, Leeds International Classical Studies 2.1: 1-29.

ZANKER, P. (1988) The Power of the Images in the Age of Augustus. Ann Arbor.


  • Il n'y a présentement aucun renvoi.